As more across Australia become aware of the medical benefits of cannabis, we’ve compiled a number of important terms and jargons related to CBD. Perfect for new users and interested first-timers, this medical glossary aims to bring light to the basic words used in the study and use of medical cannabis and Cannabidiol. Here are a few terms that would be useful to get familiar with.
Refers to the effectiveness of a specific ingestion method. Specifically, this is measured as how quickly and what percentage of a product which is absorbed into the bloodstream for use by the body.
As one of the different classifications of CBD, broad-spectrum CBDs contain the full spectrum of cannabinoids and other organic compounds present in the cannabis plant except for THC.
Also known as CBD, cannabidiol is one of the main components found in the cannabis plant. As a phytocannabinoid, cannabidiol is known for its highly beneficial medical properties without imparting any psychoactive effects. Even if consumed in large amounts or huge continuous doses, cannabidiol does not cause intoxication.
As a diverse natural compound found in the cannabis plant, cannabinoids serve as the main neurotransmitter which influences the body’s own receptors. Generally speaking, there are two kinds of cannabinoids, namely endocannabinoids and exogenous cannabinoids. Exogenous cannabinoids are the cannabinoids which come from the cannabis plant and they produce the same effect as to that of endocannabinoids, which are found organically within the body.
Cannabinoid Receptor Type 1 (CB1)
CB1 is a g protein coupled receptor found throughout the body. These receptors are primarily concentrated in the spine and brain.
Cannabinoid Receptor Type 2 (CB2)
CB1 is also a g protein coupled receptor found throughout the body. These receptors are primarily found in the peripheral nervous system.
Cannabis refers to agricultural and marijuana. With a scientific name of Cannabis Sativa L., it has been known for its religious use and its medicinal value even back in earlier centuries.
Also known as cannabidiol, CBD has been steadily increasing in its market demand due to its numerous medicinal benefits and its natural health uses.
Directly derived from the cannabis plant, CBD oil is a cannabis product which contains high levels of CBD. It is a term used for standalone cannabis extracts, tinctures, and even for a wide range of products that are primarily composed of the extraction.
It stands for Certificate of Analysis, a form of third-party evaluation done on CBD products by third-party laboratories. It verifies the different tests and experiments done to confirm the products potency, authenticity, and quality.
It is a process done to produce a vaporized form of CBD to be used just like in e-cigarettes or vaping sticks. In dabbing, concentrated CBD products are to be heated consistently to produce a vapor which is meant to be inhaled to experience its potency and effectiveness.
The process where naturally occurring acid-form cannabinoids are heated to remove a carboxyl group. This process is as simple as smoking marijuana or heating cannabis in the oven. Temperatures of 90+ degrees celsius must be used. This form of 'decarbing' or 'activating' is used in marijuana and hemp in order to activate the cannabinoids so they may freely bind to the cannabinoid receptors in your body and brain.
The term refers to the combined effectivity of compounds such as cannabidiols, terpenes, and other plant derivatives as they are administered together. Rather than separately taking individual compounds or chemicals, the entourage effect is said to be achieved when the components are taken in as a whole to successfully experience the plant’s synergistic medicinal benefits.
As known as ECS, the endocannabinoid system is composed of cell receptors within the body which are said to be responsible for different bodily processes such as sleeping, waking up, eating, and mood control. Levels of endocannabinoid within the system can be increased through the intake of additional exogenous cannabinoids to achieve a well-balanced endocannabinoid system.
Extraction refers to the process of how CBD is produced from the cannabis plant. There are different methods of CBD extraction currently being used by manufacturers and each method has its own advantages and disadvantages as well.
As CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant, a full spectrum CBD refers to the actual essence of the plant which retains all other organic compounds and physical plant parts, such as unsaturated hydrocarbons, plant terpenes, and even flavonoids. Full spectrum CBD is highly advised for those who would want to benefit from the entourage effect that the compounds and plant parts have when taken together.
A tall, thin plant that is classified as a non-psychoactive cannabis plant. Unlike the marijuana plant, hemp does not contain THC and it does not have any unwanted intoxicating side effect even when ingested in high doses.
Hemp oil is a type of oil produced from the hemp plant, either extracted from hemp seeds or extracted to be distinctly cannabis-rich.
Hemp Seed Oil
This is an oil extracted from the seeds of a hemp plant using a cold expeller-pressed method. This oil does not contain cannabinoids and instead is a highly nutritious food source packed with Omega 3 & 6 fatty acids, amino acids, fiber and more.
Known as cannabidiol reduced in its purest form possible, CBD isolate is actually full spectrum CBD which has been further processed to result into a 99% pure CBD. Plant oils, waxes, terpenes, chlorophyll, and other plant particles are removed which produces a colorless, odorless, and flavorless CBD isolate. Because it can be easily combined into edible recipes or easy-to-ingest formulations, isolates are preferably used by first-timers and new to CBD. Its non-psychoactive properties are also helpful to those who are easing into medical cannabis.
Declared legal in selected countries and states, marijuana is a classification of the cannabis plant which contains high levels of the cannabinoid THC. Because of its THC content, marijuana is known to cause psychoactive effects and intoxication when consumed in large quantities, although it leads the brain to relaxation and euphoria which is beneficial for several personality and anxiety disorders.
As the name suggests, microdosing is a term used to refer to taking relatively small doses of a specific drug all throughout the day instead of taking in a single massive dose. It is a common way of effectively ingesting CBD, especially during the patient’s waking hours. For example, ten 5 milligrams can be taken in equal intervals throughout the day instead of only taking in one 50 milligrams dose during the morning.
A route of medicine administration wherein the dose is to be placed under the tongue, directly in contact with the sublingual glands which allows for rapid absorption of the drug. Sublingual medications are specially formulated the said route, which makes the drug ineffective or slow to take action when used incorrectly or administered through a different route.
Terpenes are organic oils found in plants which are responsible for the plant’s specific characteristics such as aroma and flavor. These natural compounds are believed to heighten effectivity through the entourage effect it potentially has when taken alongside CBDs.
Terpsolates are CBD isolates combined with terpene extracts to produce a more potent mixture of CBD which still has the odor and taste of the cannabis plant minus the unwanted psychoactive effects of THC.
It stands for delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol and it is the main psychoactive compound found within the Cannabis plant. THC is responsible for the intoxicating high produced by taking the marijuana plant and its presence in the bloodstream may cause legal implications when tested in states or countries which view marijuana as an illegal substance.
Topical drugs are administered through the largest external organ of the body, which is the skin. Lotions, creams, gels, and ointments are all examples of topical medication and they are highly effective once absorbed by the glands within the epidermis layer of the skin.
As another form of administering CBDs, vaping is the use of an e-cigarette or vaporiser to inhale vapours containing specific doses of CBD. It is known to be one of the fastest ways of ingesting CBD as it introduces CBD directly into the bloodstream through the lungs while bypassing the digestive system.
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