CBD Oil Treatment For Different Kinds of Pain
Cannabidiol is getting more and more preferred as an alternative treatment for pain in most western countries. Along with its rise in popularity comes a need for more studies and research to be conducted to further prove itself as a potent pain-killer. With enough scientific evidence and professional research, society can better understand cannabidiol and its different uses as well as overcome the stigma that has been associated with CBD and the primary plant from where it is sourced from.
What is CBD?
CBD stands for cannabidiol and it is an organic compound which can directly be extracted from the cannabis plant. In some cases, the cannabis flowers are even decarboxylated to be able to generate and take advantage of the plant’s psychoactive properties. There are over a hundred cannabinoids organically found in the said plant, but CBD or cannabidiol is believed to have several benefits on the human body.
The human body contains different receptors, one of which are cannabinoid receptors that can trigger neurotransmitter release into the brain. Once the body is able to sense a specific type and amount of cannabinoids, the receptors transmit electricity-like messages into the brain, thereby affecting the person’s mood, bodily functions, and other internal systems.
With this in mind, CBDs are studied to have a beneficial effect when it comes to human behaviour, mood, and mental processes. CBD has been linked to effectively improve a person’s sleep, state of mind, appetite, and pain perception.
What is pain?
Pain is officially described by the International Association for the Study of Pain as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage. As commonly misunderstood by many, pain is directly triggered by the brain and not by the physical trauma.
Upon getting pushed or shoved, a person’s nervous system sends a message to the brain that an injury has caused actual pain. It is the brain’s responsibility to disseminate the information to the different parts of the body, like triggering a moan to verbally signal the painful sensation or generate a physical response to lead the person to either move away from danger or to touch the affected part and inspect it for damage. It is also the brain who increases the person’s heart rate, protects any tears in the skin or muscle internally through the rush of blood onto the injured site, and, in the worse cases, it also leads the person to cry, scream, or yell.
As simple as pain may be, there is actually an extensive way of categorising pain, whether it may be through the type, cause, or even the description of pain felt by the patient. Pain, in a hospital setting, is to be measured in a scale of 1 to 10 by the patient himself to verbalised the pain to the attending physician. It is usually described through specific terms to better aid the patient in characterising the pain felt, such as, “Does it feel like a blunt type of pain or does it resemble like a sharp stabbing pain?”
Pain and the Human Brain
What makes pain difficult to diagnose and assess is that it is highly subjective, with varying degrees of perception and tolerance in each human being. Of course, there are physical signs when it comes to experiencing pain, such as increased heart rate, excessive sweating, redness and/or swelling of the affected part, and, in other cases, nausea and vomiting.
However, pain is primarily the body’s response which makes it a part of the brain’s processes. With neurotransmitters and receptors communicating to effectively signal pain, battling with pain is effectively done by most pain medication through targeting the brain and its pain receptors. These either block the receivers of the brain so there is no sensation at all even when the trauma or physical injury is present. Other types can interfere with the signalling or can directly lessen the sensation of pain on the localised site of injury as well, such as numbing a sprained ankle or desensitising the elbow.
The downside of pain medication, however, is its numerous side effects which may be unpleasant for long term users, even more insufferable than the actual pain itself sometimes. For chronic pain which might require prolonged daily use of painkillers, the tolerance of the body for the dosage continues to rise with extended use, pushing the patient to either get a prescription for a higher dosage or switch to an even potent type of pain killer to be able to function normally on a day to day basis. With daily use over the years, these potent pain medication may cause serious damage to the patient’s internal organs, especially in the liver and kidneys are these two work hand in hand to effectively eliminate any traces of the drug in the bloodstream.
As more patients have experienced the damaging side effects of traditional pain medications, research is currently ongoing to find the perfect solution, as different natural alternatives and organic remedies are being examined, hoping to find a safer substitute. With CBD as a potent drug that can greatly affect a person’s receptors and neurotransmitters, linking its use with pain management is simply an ideal match.
CBD and Pain Treatment
According to researchers, CBD has been found to be effective for people with chronic pain, as it reduces inflammation and the overall feeling of discomfort associated with the pain itself. CBD directly interacts with the cannabinoid receptors wired to the brain and the human immune system. Like how neurotransmitters work in the body, CBD has its own network of endocannabinoid receptors which receive and transmit a chain of reactions that directly affect the different bodily systems, all from the brain as the main control centre.
With all the research work and experimental studies being done on CBD with its effects on pain management, CBD has been proven to work effectively as an analgesic in a 2008 study on cannabinoids in the management of difficult to treat pain by E. Russo. The said study has delved deeper into the various studies done on the topic from the 1980s to 2007 and it has concluded on the efficiency of cannabinoids as an analgesic for central neuropathic pain, rheumatoid arthritis, and even cancer pain.
What is CBD oil?
CBD comes in various forms as the extract from the hemp plant may be processed to suit a person’s needs and preferences in terms of taking in CBD. When the extraction from the industrial hemp plant is added into a carrier oil, it is then known as Cannabidiol oil. It has a higher CBD content compared to CBD that is extracted from marijuana and it can be easily used in a wide variety of ways.
Most CBD oils are taken through either inhalation or as oral drops but these two oils are to be formulated specifically for the route of administration so new CBD users are to be guided when making their purchases or choosing their CBD oils to prevent any confusion.
Benefits of CBD Oil for Different Types of Pain
CBD Oil for Chronic Pain Relief
Chronic pain is generally defined as any pain that lasts for more than 12 weeks and it is a common complaint of patients suffering from chronic back pain, multiple sclerosis, and postoperative patients as well. According to clinical studies and reviews, CBD is concluded to be effective in overall pain management with little to no side effects reported. The analgesic function coupled with its calming effect, CBD oil has proven to be even more beneficial for patients who have insomnia while suffering from chronic pain.
CBD Oil for Arthritis Pain Relief
Using a laboratory study, the European Journal of Pain has proven that CBD oil can be useful for arthritis pain when applied topically onto the affected area. Not only can CBD aid in eradicating pain but it can also be used for its anti-inflammatory properties in cases such as arthritis, and possibly in the future, other musculoskeletal inflammatory conditions.
CBD Oil for Cancer Treatment Relief
No matter what kind of cancer it might be or how progressed the condition is, cancer treatments are notoriously known for its potency and its unpredictable side effects in the human body. Taking in high doses of powerful painkillers usually cause symptoms of withdrawal and may sometimes also interact with other medication and treatment for the cancer cells. CBD is seen as a natural alternative for pain management as it provides relief without the unwanted side effects that traditional painkillers have. The common complaint of nausea and vomiting for cancer patients is commonly prescribed with Marinol, also known as THC and is a psychoactive cannabinol. For even higher levels of chronic pain that may have developed tolerance from low-dosage pain killers, CBD oil used alongside opioids have proven to be a better pain management option, although the said approach still needs more studies and experiments in the future.
Overall, CBD is perceived as a viable candidate in terms of natural pain management alternatives. Contrary to its traditional drug counterparts, cannabidiol oil has no reported side effects and if ever there are, these are only tolerable ones such as:
- Fatigue or tiredness
- Change in appetite
- Significant body changes, such as either weight loss or weight gain
With all the scientific research and clinical studies done with cannabinoids and CBDs, CBD oil holds a lot of potential when it comes to its function as an analgesic. Since it does not have any untoward side effects and it has other beneficial effects to patients suffering from inflammation and anxiety, CBD oil proves to be a promising answer to patients with chronic pain.